Zingiber officinale is the fresh rhizome of the perennial herb of Zingiberaceae and Zingiberaceae. Varieties include: Weifeng Ginger, Shandong Changyi Ginger, Qingzhou Zhugen Ginger, Shannong No. 1 Ginger, and Qingzhou Small Yellow Ginger. Aliases include ginger root, Bailayun, Gouzhuangzhi, Yindixin, Yanliang boy, fresh ginger, and honey-roasted ginger. The rhizome (dry ginger), cork (ginger skin) and leaves (ginger leaves) of ginger can be used as medicine. Ginger is the fresh rhizome of Zingiber officinale. It is cultivated in most parts of the country, mainly in Sichuan, Guangdong, Shandong, Shaanxi and other places. Ginger is a commonly used seasoning food, and it can also be used to make pickles and snacks. Generally, young ginger is used for pickles and snacks, and old ginger is better for seasoning and medicine.
The main nutritional value of ginger, ginger contains spicy and aromatic components. The spicy component is "zingerone" in a kind of aromatic volatile oil. Among them, mainly ginger oil terpene, water fennel, camphor terpene, gingerol, eucalyptus olein, starch, mucus and so on. Edible portion 95%.
The efficacy and role of ginger
Efficacy of ginger: expelling wind, relieving exterior syndrome, harmonizing stomach, warming meridian and relieving pain. Ginger has the effects of relieving the exterior and dispelling cold, warming the middle and relieving vomiting, resolving phlegm and relieving cough, and detoxifying fish and crabs. It is often used for wind-cold cold, stomach-cold vomiting, cold phlegm cough, fish and crab poisoning, etc.
The role of ginger: It has obvious antipyretic, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effects. There are sedative, antiemetic, anti-allergic, anti-platelet aggregation effects. The water infusion has the effect of killing Trichomonas vaginalis in the test tube. Ginger juice has inhibitory effect on a variety of pathogenic fungi. The water infusion has a strong bactericidal effect on a variety of pathogenic bacteria. "Eat radish in winter and ginger in summer to keep you healthy all year round", this is a popular saying in our country. Ginger has many effects and is a good medicine for treating nausea and vomiting. It has the reputation of "holy medicine for vomiting", especially in summer. Eating some ginger can inhibit the growth of gastrointestinal bacteria. Ginger also has the effect of killing oral and intestinal pathogens.
Many people eat ginger after peeling it. In fact, it is not good to do so. The skin of ginger also has a great effect. Although eating ginger in summer is beneficial to the human body, it should be moderate, because in hot weather, people are prone to dry mouth, polydipsia, sore throat, and profuse sweating. Ginger is pungent and warm, and it is a hot food. In principle, it is not advisable to eat too much, just put a few slices of ginger in cooking or soup. Dried ginger warms the middle and dispels cold, invigorates the stomach and activates blood circulation. Lycium barbarum nourishes the liver and kidney, improves eyesight, and can be used together to treat chills, low back pain, soreness of the waist and knees, and fatigue caused by kidney yang deficiency.