Ginseng (English: Ginseng), a perennial herb, likes a cool and humid climate, and mostly grows in mixed coniferous and broad-leaved forests or miscellaneous forests on gentle slopes or slopes of mountains with a small temperature difference between day and night at an altitude of 500-1100 meters
middle. Because the root is hypertrophy, shaped like a spindle, often has forks, and its overall appearance resembles a human head, hands, feet and limbs, it is called ginseng. The elegant names of ancient ginseng are sealwort, goblin, and god grass. Ginseng is known as the "King of Herbs",
It is one of the well-known "Three Treasures of Northeast China" (ginseng, mink fur, and deer antler), and it is a precious medicinal material well-known both at home and abroad, and well-known to all ages.
Definition: artificial planting, growing in artificial pond beds
Growth method: artificial sowing, plowing and widespread application of pesticides and fertilizers
Human intervention: artificial scientific management of the growth process, weeding, and fertilization. Because ginseng grows too fast due to fertilization, sometimes there will be a problem of low disease resistance, so the use of pesticides is unavoidable.
Growth period: generally ranging from 4-6 years, there are also garden ginseng as long as 8 years old
Distribution area: mountain slopes, man-made ginseng beds
Nutritional Value: Average
Survival rate: high
Second, distinguish from the processing technology:
Wild ginseng or under-forest ginseng is generally washed and dried into dried ginseng.
Planted garden ginseng can be divided into: raw sun-dried ginseng, red ginseng and Korean ginseng due to different processing techniques.
1. Raw sun-dried ginseng (also called white ginseng)
Raw sun-dried ginseng is processed by fresh ginseng through washing, sun-drying, drying and other processes, and maintains the prototype of ginseng in shape. Raw ginseng has less loss of active ingredients and volatile oil content during ginseng, and has milder medicinal properties than red ginseng, which is suitable for daily health care. Easy raise
2. Red ginseng
Red ginseng is a cooked product of ginseng, and its processing method is processed through processes such as infiltration, cleaning, sorting, steaming, drying, and drying. During the steaming process of red ginseng, chemical reactions will occur due to heat treatment, and the composition will change. It will generate new ingredients that water ginseng and white ginseng do not have (G-Rh2, Panaxytriol can inhibit the growth of cancer cells, and maltol has anti-oxidation effects). Red ginseng has the effects of invigorating qi, nourishing yin, benefiting blood, promoting body fluid, strengthening the heart, invigorating the stomach, and calming down. There is no strict difference between red ginseng and white ginseng in these functions, but it is generally believed that red ginseng is stronger than white ginseng in terms of tonic. Red ginseng is suitable for those who are chronically ill and physically weak. Red ginseng has the characteristics of fire and strength, and it is the first-choice tonic for those who have yin overpowering yang deficiency. Common clinical symptoms of lung deficiency cough, spleen deficiency, long-term diarrhea, diarrhea, stomach cold due to middle deficiency, dizziness due to blood deficiency, chest pain due to heart deficiency, palpitations and insomnia, shortness of breath due to kidney deficiency, excessive exhalation and insufficient inhalation, etc., should be supplemented with red ginseng to replenish qi and invigorate deficiency .
3. Korean ginseng (not directly ginseng)
Korean ginseng and red ginseng are actually processed from ginseng water, and the processing methods are different. Korean ginseng is further processed after being processed into red ginseng, so there is no essential difference in composition between Korean ginseng and red ginseng. If there is a difference, then Korean ginseng is also a new ingredient that appeared in the post-processing process.
[How to choose, which is the best? 】Linxia wild ginseng, white ginseng, red ginseng and Korean ginseng can't compare which one is better. It is best to choose the one that suits you according to your own physique. If you are a patient, you must follow the doctor's advice.