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The hemostatic effect of Panax notoginseng


Panax notoginseng, also known as mountain lacquer, Jinbuhuan, blood ginseng, panax notoginseng, Tianqi, etc., comes from the dry roots and rhizomes of Panax notoginseng, a plant of Araliaceae. In Yunnan, Guangxi and other places.

Among them, Yunnan Wenshan notoginseng is very suitable for the growth of notoginseng due to its low latitude and high altitude and sufficient sunlight. The quality of the planted notoginseng is good and the yield is large, so it is called "authentic medicinal material", that is, the common Wenshan notoginseng on the market. In Guangxi, the main producing area of Panax notoginseng is Tianzhou, so the Panax notoginseng produced here is also called "Tianqi".

The root of Panax notoginseng is called "tendon", and the rhizome is called "cutting mouth". If it is ground into fine powder, it is Panax notoginseng powder.

Since ancient times, there has been a saying that "ginseng is the first to invigorate qi, and Panax notoginseng is the first to activate blood". Traditional Chinese medicine believes that notoginseng is warm in nature, sweet in taste, slightly bitter, and returns to the liver and stomach meridians, and has the effects of dispelling blood stasis, stopping bleeding, reducing swelling and relieving pain.

Li Shizhen's "Compendium of Materia Medica" records: This medicine has only been released recently, and it was used as an essential medicine for gold sores in the Southern Army, and it has miraculous effects. It is also said: If the stick is injured and the blood is dripping, it will be chewed immediately, and the bruise (covering) will stop immediately, and the bruise will dissipate immediately. If you take one or two qian before receiving the stick, the blood will not rush to the heart. It is especially suitable to take it after the stick, and it is also good to take after giving birth. Mostly, the temperature of this medicine is sweet and slightly bitter, and it is the medicine of Yangming and Jueyin blood, so it can cure all blood diseases.

It can be seen from this that the initial use of Panax notoginseng was mainly used in surgery and traumatology, mainly for its functions of promoting blood circulation, removing blood stasis, reducing swelling and relieving pain. At the same time, because Panax notoginseng is a medicine for blood components, it can cure all blood diseases, so it can also be used for vomiting blood and epistaxis, diarrhea with bloody diarrhea, menstrual bleeding in metrorrhagia, pain in blood circulation, red eyes and carbuncle.

There is a folk saying that Panax notoginseng is "replenishing when it is born and eliminated". "Sheng" refers to raw Sanqi, and "Xiao" refers to raw Sanqi that can stop bleeding, activate blood, dissipate blood stasis and reduce swelling. "Cooked" refers to the familiar use of Panax notoginseng, and "tonifying" refers to the functions of nourishing and regulating blood, nourishing body and improving human immunity.

Live blood to stop bleeding

Panax notoginseng can promote blood circulation and remove blood stasis, reduce swelling and relieve pain, and is an important medicine for traumatology.

According to the records in the ancient books, for those who are bleeding from gold blades, arrow wounds, falls, stick sores, etc., chew the root of Sanqi and apply it, or grind Sanqi into powder and mix it with the wound, and the bleeding will stop immediately. my country's famous "Yunnan Baiyao" series products contain this ingredient.

Modern research also shows that Sanqi contains notoginseng saponins, which can reduce the surface activity of platelets, inhibit platelet adhesion and aggregation, resist thrombosis and improve microcirculation, thereby producing the effect of promoting blood circulation.

In addition, Panax notoginseng also has the characteristics of "stopping bleeding without leaving blood stasis, removing blood stasis without hurting the body".

Generally speaking, hemostatic drugs are cold in nature or have astringent properties, which are easy to cool and suppress evil, and have the disadvantage of stopping bleeding and retaining stasis; while blood-activating and stasis-removing drugs are scattered in nature and are easy to consume blood. If you don't master it well, it is likely to break the vent too much, which will damage the righteousness while removing blood stasis. However, there is no need to worry about this when using Panax notoginseng.

Familiar with blood

The method of processing Panax notoginseng: take clean Panax notoginseng, break it into pieces, separate the large and small pieces, fry it with edible oil until the surface is brownish yellow, take it out, drain off the oil, and grind it into fine powder. Or take notoginseng, wash it, steam it thoroughly, take it out, slice it in time, and dry it. Cooked Panax notoginseng has a weak hemostatic and stasis-removing effect, and its nourishing power is superior.

Panax notoginseng has a good effect of enriching blood. "Compendium of Materia Medica Supplements" written by Zhao Xuemin in the Qing Dynasty said: Ginseng is the first to nourish qi, and Sanqi is the first to nourish blood.

Cooked Panax notoginseng contains polysaccharides, fatty oils, proteins, alkaloids, steroids, sodium, magnesium, iron and other components, which can benefit body building and improve human immune function.

In daily life, you can add Sanqi, Codonopsis and Astragalus and other blood-enriching and Qi-enriching products to the stewed chicken, which have a good tonic effect and are more suitable for people with Qi and blood deficiency.

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