Licorice root, which comes from the root of the licorice plant, is considered as the one of the world's oldest herbal remedies. It is found around the Mediterranean basin and in Asia. With its sweet, aniseed flavor and the many active principles present in its roots which are collected after three years cultivation, it has became famous around the world. People use it as a kind of medicine in Chinese Medicine and also the ancient Egypt, Greek and Middle Eastern use it to flavor foods and beverages.
Licorice Root has a long history of being used in medicine. As early as more than two thousand years ago, the Shennong Bencao Jing listed it as one of the best medicine. Tao Hongjing, a medical scientist of the Southern Dynasty, honored licorice root as "The grand elder of the national" and said, "This herb is the king of all medicines, and there are few who do not use it in their prescriptions." "The grand elder of the national", that is, the name of the emperor's teacher. The reason for promoting licorice root as the "emperor's teacher" of medicine, as explained by Li Shizhen in the Compendium of Materia Medica: "Among all medicines, licorice root is the king, treating 72 kinds of stalactite poison, solving 1,200 kinds of herb and wood poison, harmonizing all medicines, so it has the 'The grand elder of the national' of the name." According to the determination, the content of glycyrrhizic acid in licorice root is mostly around ten percent, and there are also mannitol, glucose and other components. Because the sweetness of glycyrrhetinic acid is higher than sucrose fifty times, licorice is really a veritable "sweet grass".
The roots and stems of licorice are used as medicine, and its composition contains glycyrrhizin, glycyrrhetinic acid, glycyrrhetinic acid, glycyrrhizin, reducing sugar, starch, gum and minerals. The sweet taste of licorice is mainly due to licorice sweetener. The dried roots and underground rhizomes of licorice are used clinically in Chinese medicine to nourish and soothe, neutralize potent medicines, detoxify, analgesic, antispasmodic, correct taste, and suppress cough and expel phlegm. It can also be used as an adjuvant in the treatment of chronic pharyngitis. It is often used as an adjuvant in prescriptions.
Licorice Root is flat, sweet in taste, and belongs to the twelve meridians. In traditional Chinese medicine, licorice root nourishes the spleen, benefits the qi, nourishes the cough and moistens the lung, relieves acute and acute toxicity, and harmonizes all medicines. Clinical application is divided into "raw" and "honey roasted". It is mainly used for treating sore throat, sores, ulcers of gastrointestinal tract and detoxification of medicine and food poisoning; honey roasting is mainly used for treating reduced spleen and stomach function, loose stools, weakness and fever, cough and palpitation.
Also, licorice can inhibit the secretion of gastric acid in gastrointestinal ulcer disease with excessive gastric acid, thus producing certain therapeutic effects. Licorice infusion can cover the inflamed mucous membrane of the pharynx when taken orally, softening the inflammation's irritation to it and acting as a cough suppressant.
Licorice is also widely used in the food industry to refine candies, preserves and chewing gum. Licorice infusion is an emulsifier in the manufacture of chocolate, and can also increase the flavor and aroma of beer, improve the consistency and color of dark beer, make certain soft drinks and sweet wine; cigarette flavor correction. Licorice is also widely used in the chemical and printing and dyeing industries.