Maitake is a edible and medicinal fungus, which belongs to the Basidiomycotina Phylomycetes class Non-Pleurophytes order Polyporaceae Arboria genus. The fruiting bodies are fleshy, stalked, multi-branched, with fan-shaped or spoon-shaped caps at the end, overlapping into clumps, up to 40 to 60 cm wide. The cap is 2-7cm in diameter, gray to light brown, with thin or hard hairs on the surface. Smooth when old, with radial striations, thin margins and involutes. Bacteria flesh white, thick. Grows around stumps of oak or other broadleaved trees, causing white rot.
Maitake is named after a fungus discovered by the Italians. In Asia, Maitake is a popular culinary and medicinal mushroom. It is gray or light brown, with tender and crisp meat, taste like shredded chicken, crisp like magnolia, and delicious. Maitake is very rich in nutrition and has high nutritional value. The amino acid and protein contained in it are twice as high as that of shiitake mushrooms. It has the functions of preventing cancer, fighting cancer and improving human immune function. Disadvantage embolism has remarkable curative effect. Eating can nourish the body and prolong life.
Efficacy and function of frondosa frondosa
1. Efficacy of Maitake
1. Because it is rich in iron, copper and vitamin C, it can prevent anemia, scurvy, vitiligo, prevent arteriosclerosis and cerebral thrombosis.
2. It has high selenium and chromium content, which can protect the liver and pancreas, and prevent liver cirrhosis and diabetes; the high selenium content makes it also have the function of preventing and treating Keshan disease, Kashin-Beck disease and some heart diseases.
3. It contains both calcium and vitamin D, and the combination of the two can effectively prevent and treat rickets.
4. Higher zinc content is beneficial to brain development, maintains sharp vision, and promotes wound healing.
5. The combination of high content of vitamin E and selenium makes it anti-aging, enhances memory and sensitivity. At the same time it is an excellent immune modulator.
6. As a traditional Chinese medicine, Maitake and Polyporus equivalence can cure dysuria, edema, beriberi, liver cirrhosis, ascites and diabetes, etc. It is a very valuable medicinal fungus.
7. It also has the effect of inhibiting high blood pressure and obesity.
8. The higher selenium content of Maitake has the effect of preventing cancer.
2. The effect of Maitake
1. Strengthen the immune system
Although the exact mechanism by which polysaccharides activate the immune system is still debated, different polysaccharides have been identified to stimulate T-cell function, natural killer (NK) cells and macrophage activity. T-cells are a type of white blood cell that "phagocytose" pathogens such as yeast cells, bacteria, cells infected by viruses, and the like. Macrophages are concentrated in the mucous layers of the body - especially in the digestive, urinary and respiratory systems. Polysaccharides also support and strengthen the reticuloendothelial system, the tissue where immune cells (including macrophages) penetrate deep into the spleen, liver and lymphoid tissues and engulf waste and toxic chemicals.
Maitake polysaccharides can activate immune responses such as macrophages, natural killer cells, T-lymphocytes, as well as lymphokines and interleukins. These properties make it useful in the treatment of cancer. Studies have shown that it can reduce the side effects of chemotherapy, and animal experiments have also shown that Maitake can shrink tumors. In one study, compared with other previously tested natural substances. Maitake has been shown to be the most potent inducer of apoptosis (cell death) in cancer cells.
3. Lower blood pressure, cholesterol and arteriosclerosis
Active ingredients in Maitake polysaccharides such as Beta (1-3) D-glucan and Beta (1-6) D-glucan protein compounds have a positive effect on reducing blood glucose (sugar). The unsaturated fatty acids contained in the extract of Maitake, such as glycerol trilinoleate, also have the effect of lowering blood sugar, cholesterol and arteriosclerosis.