Perennial herb. The rhizome is fleshy, plump, flat, aromatic and pungent. Leaf rows, thorium-shaped to strip-lanceolate, 15-30 cm long, about 2 cm wide, apex acuminate, base attenuate, smooth and glabrous, with clasping leaf sheaths; sessile. Flower stems are erect, covered with imbricate sparse scales; spikes are ovate to elliptic, about 5 cm long and 2.5 cm wide; bracts are ovate, light green; flowers are dense, about 2.5 cm long, with sharp apex ; calyx short tube-shaped; corolla 3-lobed, lobes lanceolate, yellow, lips shorter, oblong-obovate, lavender, with yellow-white spots, lower part with small lobes on both sides; stamen 1, protruding, Ovary inferior; style filiform, lavender, stigma radial. Capsule oblong swollen to about 2.5 cm. The flowering period is June-August.
Ginger: Refers to the rhizome of the ginger plant. This product is the fresh rhizome of Zingiber officinale Rosc. Excavate in autumn and winter to remove fibrous roots and sediment. There are young ginger and old ginger. Young ginger is used for making pickles, and old ginger is better for medicinal purposes.
Nature and flavor: pungent, slightly warm, returns to lung, spleen and stomach meridian
Efficacy: Sweating and relieving the exterior, warming the middle and relieving vomiting, warming the lungs and relieving cough, detoxifying fish and crabs, and detoxifying medicine.
Ingredients: Contains spicy and aromatic ingredients. The spicy component is "zingerone" in a kind of aromatic volatile oil. Among them, mainly ginger oil terpene, water fennel, camphor terpene, gingerol, eucalyptus olein, starch, mucus and so on.
Function It is an aromatic spicy stomach invigorating medicine, which has warming, exciting, sweating, anti-emetic and detoxifying effects, especially for fish and crab poisoning, Pinellia, Aracea and other drug poisoning. It is suitable for exogenous wind-cold, headache, phlegm, cough, stomach cold and vomiting; after being attacked by ice, snow, water and cold, drink ginger soup urgently, which can promote blood flow and dispel cold evil.
Medicinal and Edible:
[Preparation method] Ginger: Remove impurities, wash, and cut into thick slices when used.
【Properties】This product is irregular block, slightly flat, with finger-like branches, 4-18cm long and 1-3cm thick. The surface is yellow-brown or gray-brown, with links, and there are stem scars or buds at the top of the branches. Brittle, easy to break, light yellow cross-section, obvious rings in the inner cortex, scattered vascular bundles. Specific gas aroma, spicy taste.
[Storage] Store in a cool and humid place, or bury it in wet sand to prevent freezing.
(1) Ginger is used to relieve the exterior, mainly for dispelling wind and cold. It is often used to treat mild colds. It can be decocted and taken with brown sugar to take heat. It can often be sweated and relieved. Ginger has a weak sweating effect, and it is often used together with ephedra and cassia twig as an auxiliary medicine for sweating and relieving the exterior, which can enhance the power of sweating. Ginger is an essential medicine for anti-vomiting, which can be used alone to treat stomach-cold vomiting. It can also cure stomach heat and vomiting, and it can be used in conjunction with Pinellia, Zhuru, and Coptis. Ginger can detoxify fish and crabs, and it can be used alone or with perilla. In addition, ginger can detoxify the poison of pinellia and southern star, decoction and drink, it can be used for hoarseness, swelling and numbness of the tongue caused by the poison of pinellia and southern star. Therefore, when processing pinellia and southern star, ginger is often used to reduce their toxicity.
(2) Ginger juice: wash the ginger, smash it, and squeeze its juice for medicine. Sexual flavor is pungent and slightly warm. It has the effects of reducing phlegm and stopping vomiting, and is mainly used for nausea, vomiting and cough with excessive phlegm. The general dosage is three drops to ten drops, mixed with water.